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Emergency Alerts
A Preliminary Study on the Economic Policy System of Emergency Management in Work Safety
2017-10-20 14:19:00 gdemo.gov.cn

The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and the State Council have attached great importance to the emergency management of work safety. In recent years, through taking effective measures to strengthen emergency management from various aspects including system, mechanism, legal system, etc., governments at all levels and relevant departments have made outstanding contributions to the sustained improvement of the national work safety, especially in emergency management institutions, emergency rescue teams, emergency plans, emergency response mechanisms, emergency platform construction and other facets. The sustained enhancement of emergency management in work safety cannot be separated from the support of steady economic policies.  Although governments and relevant departments have introduced many targeted interim policies based on local conditions to respond to major emergencies of work safety, but overall, the research and formulation for economic policy of emergency management still lag behind, and the long-term input mechanisms of emergency management have not been formed yet, affecting the sustainable long-term development of emergency management to some extent. Facing the new normal of economic development, establishing an economic policy system is urgently needed to further increase the emergency response input, enhance the capability of emergency support and promote the cause of emergency management to a new stage.

 

1. The Necessity of Establishing Economic Policy of Emergency Management

 

(1) Establishing economic policy of emergency management is the necessary requirement for law-based public security maintenance. The fourth plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee made a strategic plan to promote all-round law-based governance of the country. The fifth plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee emphasized once again that we should firmly establish the concept of safe development, adhere to giving top priority to the interests of the people and promote development with the rule-of-law thinking and approach. This emphasis points out the direction and provides fundamental principles for the promotion of law-based public security maintenance. At present, China is in the primary stage of socialism with low productivity, imbalanced development, weak foundation of work safety, low capability of labor protection and imperfection of system, mechanism and legal system. To fundamentally improve the severe situation of work safety constitutes an arduous long-term mission. Only by firmly incorporating the law-based construction of work safety into the strategic plan for law-based governance, strengthening the ability to solve problems and to advance work by means of the rule of law and continuing enhancing law-based public security can we achieve fundamental improvement in work safety. As an important part of work safety, emergency management also faces serious challenges of accelerating the process of law-based governance. It is and will remain in the foreseeable future a necessary and urgent task to establish robust policies and systems related to emergency management, which involve emergency input, rescue compensation, preferential treatment, liability insurance etc., to improve the capability of responding to accidents and disasters and to reduce the loss of life and property.

 

(2) Establishing economic policy of emergency management is the objective requirement for taking the initiative to adapt to the new normal of economic development. Under the new normal, industrialization and urbanization are developing rapidly, and the risks are growing in oil and gas pipeline transmission, urban gas supply, high-speed railways, urban rail transport, enterprises specialized in labor-intensive production and processing, etc. At the same time, with the reform of the administrative examination and approval system and the cancellation of the preliminary review and approval procedures for safety, many new small and micro enterprises will emerge, and companies come to reduce their investment in security due to the increasing losses in the coal industry, metallurgy, chemical industry, construction and other industries. All those factors have aggravated the difficulty of emergency management. Emergency management must take the initiative to adapt to the new normal. According to the requirements that were put forward in the third plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, we should enable the market to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and give full play to the role of government. With the comprehensive use of legal means, economic means and necessary administrative means, we should place economic means in a more prominent position, further advance the innovation of economic policy, and formulate, implement, and make good use of economic policies. We should bring their role of governing from the origin into full play, and give a strong impetus to the fundamental improvement of production safety.

 

(3) The current emergency management system in China urgently calls for the support of economic policy of emergency management. The majority of China’s existing emergency rescue teams for work safety are built on the basis of enterprises, except for a few public institutions. Even rescue teams which belong to public institutions also adopt self-financed budget management, and there is no guarantee of operation funds. As for enterprise-owned rescue teams, they undertake a large number of rescue missions both in and out of the enterprises, and have played an important role in major public emergencies (such as the earthquakes in Wenchuan and Yushu). They have made great contributions and served as an irreplaceable professional rescue force. Although the country has equipped the state (and regional) mine rescue teams and rescue teams of central government-owned enterprises with some advanced technological equipment, the rescue teams that rely on enterprises still need much regular equipment, infrastructure, personnel, etc. Thus, their daily expenses are considerable. The rescue teams based on the enterprises are carrying out social and public welfare undertakings that should have been undertaken by the government, and are in urgent need of support from the economic policy of emergency management.

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