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Emergency Alerts
Five Major Risk Factors to Production Safety in Winter
2017-10-19 15:27:00 gdemo.gov.cn

Five Major Risk Factors to Production Safety in Winter

 

1. Low temperatures and cold surge

Constant low temperature can cause direct damage (frostbite, disease and death) to the human body; low temperatures and burdening clothing can affect perception and motive function, resulting in operating errors in judgment or slipping, which may cause indirect injuries or accidents; low temperatures may also cause electronic devices with plastic and metal components to lose efficacy and cause accidents.

 

2. Freezing Rain and Snow

Damage or collapse of houses, roads, pipelines and other facilities due to the physical effects (gravity, power, phase change, infiltration, etc.) of rain, snow and ice, or slippery roads, or damaged electrical components and other facilities; temporary closure of airports, ports and highways may lead to paralysis of electricity, transportation, communications systems, and interruption of water, gas, coal, and oil supply, etc.

 

3. Dry weather and flammable materials

The increase in fallen leaves or other combustible materials can easily lead to fires; static electricity may accumulate in plant or workshops, leading to fires or explosions.

 

4. Improper heating or protective measures

Improper installation or use of coal stoves, water heaters and other heating devices may cause anthracemia; operating in confined spaces can lead to poisoning and suffocation; improper clothing and boots can cause tumbling, falling, or other accidents, such as the overturning of bicycles and motorcycles.

 

5. Social factors

New Year's Day, Spring Festival, Lantern Festival and other traditional festivals are relatively concentrated during wintertime, and the discharge of fireworks, festive rallies, and relative concentration of people may lead to fires, explosions, stampedes or traffic accidents along with other accidents.

 

Measures safeguarding against winter risks

 

1. Prepare for prevention and emergency

Strengthen the management of security risks and investigation and administrative handling of hidden risks; improve emergency plans, enhance the reserves of emergency supplies and equipment; carry out targeted missions, training and exercises to promote staff's ability to cope with risks.

 

2. Timely release of warning information

Reinforce the management of shifts and emergency duties, pay attention to weather forecast and warning information, and adopt a variety of means of sending warning information and safety tips to each relevant personnel.

 

3. Take precautionary moves in a timely manner

Strengthen individual protection (keep warm, ensure protection from wind, rain and snow, etc.) and equipment protection (maintenance, reinforcement, anti-skidding, anti-freeze, anti-leakage, etc.), arrange working time and tasks in a reasonable manner; adopt staggered office hours when necessary, or even suspension of classes or labor.

 

4. Rapidly carry out emergency rescue operations

(1) conduct personal self-help and mutual aid; ensure timely access to weather forecasts and warning information and avoid unnecessary trips; select safe and efficient means of transport (subway, for example); employ caution and follow safety guidelines in operation of equipment and motor vehicles; avoid entering sheds, trenches or temporary buildings prone to collapse under rainy and snowy conditions; monitor the safe and continued supply of water, electricity, and heat in the home or workplace; when cleaning snow and conducting outdoor operations, take safety precautions and avoid injury; if accident or injury does occur, call the police for assistance in a timely manner and carry out self-help and mutual aid.

 

(2) emergency response from enterprises and institutions: activate contingency plans, strengthen the organization and leadership for emergencies; strengthen safety protection and inspection of posts, equipment and facilities which are vulnerable to damage by freezing rain and snowy conditions; if personal injury occurs, actively organize emergency rescue, report disaster information and seek assistance in a timely fashion.

 

5. Properly carry out rehabilitation and reconstruction

Complete the duty of rehabilitation and assistance for the injured, conduct repair work of damaged equipment; learn from experiences and carry out steps to ensure continuing improvement.

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